The hottest metal packaging industry in China

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According to incomplete statistics, there are about 800 metal plate printing machines and more than 300 coating machines in China by 2003. Among them, imported and domestic iron printing machines account for half, while domestic paint machines account for a large proportion. Iron printing machines are mostly monochrome and two-color. Recently, Shanghai Baosteel Group Baoyin metal color coating Co., Ltd. introduced Germany's first fully automatic, high-precision six color iron printing production line, which helps to promote the improvement of domestic metal plate printing technology and equipment

2, 2-piece and 3-piece beverage cans

China's original 22 aluminum two-piece can companies are basically wholly foreign-owned or Sino foreign joint ventures, of which 6 have stopped production or have not started construction. Of the original 26 production lines, 7 have been shut down due to oversupply in the market, and 19 are currently in operation. The production capacity is about billion, and the current market demand is only about 7billion. Although there is great potential to be tapped, the further expansion of the aluminum two-piece can market also depends on the improvement of the localization of aluminum plates. At present, it basically relies on imported aluminum plates, which costs a lot of foreign exchange

there are about 300 production lines of three piece beverage cans with tinplate as raw material in China (about 60% imported from abroad), of which 40% of the high-speed production lines are cans per minute, and the rest are medium and low-speed production lines, with an average of 400 cans per minute. The total annual production capacity is nearly 20billion cans. But at present, the actual consumption demand is only about 6billion cans. Blind introduction leads to serious oversupply. With the economic growth and the improvement of people's living standards, there is bound to be room for development of two-piece and three piece drink cans in the future. It is suggested that the relevant departments should carefully examine and approve it and not blindly introduce it. It is suggested that the idle equipment in the eastern region should be transferred to the West

3. Aerosol tank

China's aerosol tank technology is widely used in the fields of sanitation, insecticidal, chemical industry and cosmetics because of their different properties and the vast rural areas, and has newly developed applications in the fields of food, air fresheners and medicine. The output of aerosol cans increased from 30million cans in the mid-1980s to 560million cans in 2002. Stimulated by SARS consumption, the demand increased sharply to 610million cans in 2003, making it the fastest-growing category of metal packaging

4. All kinds of bottle caps

metal bottle caps include aluminum easy pull caps, anti-theft caps, tinplate loose caps and crown caps. At present, China has more than 150 imported stamping production lines. Such as crown caps: the production capacity of different models of equipment is 110000, 140000 and 270000 per hour respectively. The annual production capacity of all kinds of bottle caps exceeds 75billion, and the actual market demand is about 50billion, with supply exceeding demand

in all kinds of bottle cap markets, the unscrewed cap of Wuxi Huapeng jiaduobao bottle cap Co., Ltd., the crown cap of Shanghai Ziquan Packaging Co., Ltd., the aluminum easy pull cap of Zhuhai Nanshan and Taicang Xingda, the aluminum anti-theft cap of Shandong Lipeng, Yiwu and Changhong of Zhejiang Province and Fujian Zhangzhou Henglong packaging tinplate large opening can caps are representative. Most of these products are used in the food canning industry

5. Miscellaneous cans

miscellaneous cans mainly refer to various special-shaped cans other than the standard cans used for solid food, stationery, medicine, toys, gifts, etc. The gift box of export packaging technology is the main export variety of metal cans in China. At present, the market demand is about 5billion. It is estimated that the output of miscellaneous cans will reach 8billion in 2010, and the enterprises producing miscellaneous cans can have profit space in the cracks of high-precision and top-level enterprises

6. Chemical barrels

chemical barrels mainly refer to small barrels below liters. It is mainly used as transit packaging for raw food, chemical coatings, paints, lubricants, etc. its output has increased vigorously in recent years, with an increase of 16.2% at the end of the ninth five year plan compared with the end of the eighth five year plan, and an increase of 58.2% at the end of the tenth five year plan, reaching 6.8 billion

7. Empty cans

according to incomplete statistics, there are about 4billion tinplate cans used annually for cans, which have great development prospects under the continuous growth of exports and domestic sales

8. Steel drums

at present, the national production capacity of 35-200 liter steel drums has reached more than 80million, and the market demand is 60million. The emergence of 200 liter plastic barrels, tankers, and bulk shipping has intensified the competition in the steel barrel industry. Nevertheless, the output of large barrels increased by 17.75% at the end of the Ninth Five Year Plan period compared with the end of the Eighth Five Year Plan period. With the great development of the chemical and petroleum industries, it is expected that there will be a substantial growth momentum in the future

Second, the current situation of China's metal packaging industry

oil can be saved by about 5% in 80 years. Since the generation, with the continuous deepening of reform and opening up and the rapid development of market economy, a large number of various commodities have emerged, which has strongly stimulated the development of metal packaging containers. At present, China has formed a relatively large and complete production system of metal containers. In addition to some wholly foreign-owned or joint venture enterprises, a considerable number of domestic enterprises have also introduced quite advanced technical equipment and processes, an increase of 7.9 percentage points over the same period last year; The profit was 628.55 billion yuan, accelerating the pace of industry development. So far, there are about 1300 enterprises with various economic components in this industry, such as collective, foreign-funded and private enterprises. Among them, there are 400 tin printing can making enterprises, 300 sealed cans (beverage cans, food cans) production enterprises, 370 steel barrel production enterprises above 18 liters, and more than 200 professional manufacturing enterprises (crown caps, four and six screw caps, easy to open caps, anti-theft caps). Among the above-mentioned enterprises, foreign-funded enterprises account for about one third

1. Current situation of iron printing can making industry

(1) iron printing

sheet metal printing has developed rapidly in the metal packaging container industry. In the late 1980s, there were more than 200 iron printing production lines, of which about 100 were British made two-color iron printing machines. In recent years, iron printing production lines made in Germany and Japan have entered the Chinese market. It is understood that there are more than 20 production lines. Most of the above imported production lines are located in foreign-funded enterprises or owned by large enterprises in the industry, while most small enterprises use domestic monochrome machines or manual machines

(2) can making

China currently has 28 aluminum two can production lines, with an output of 5billion in 1996. China has also introduced three advanced steel two-piece tank production lines, but they failed to be put into production due to market and cost problems. Because the compression strength of steel two-piece cans is better than that of aluminum two-piece cans, it has great development potential in the field of canned beer. At present, there are nearly 50 production lines of locust three piece cans introduced from all over the country, mainly producing beverage cans. The annual output of nearly 20 spray can production lines has reached more than 450million

at present, some enterprises are still introducing other miscellaneous cans. Due to the complex specifications and varieties, the technical equipment used include both imported automatic production lines, such as 4-liter square barrels, milk sugar can production lines, and domestic simple production lines. The latter is mostly produced by a single machine, but it is suitable and has a wide range. It can still play a high role in the production of various miscellaneous cans, such as tea barrels, paint barrels and some solid food packaging barrels

2. Sealed cans (empty cans)

there are about 2000 canneries of all kinds in China, including about 300 large and medium-sized enterprises. These enterprises have their own supporting empty can branch factories or production workshops, and their empty can manufacturing equipment is mixed, but they have eliminated the tin welding process that can lead to lead poisoning, and realized the barrel body resistance welding. At present, we are focusing on solving the problem of "it is difficult to open the lid of delicious cans", and developing and promoting the large opening and easy opening lid

according to relevant statistics, at present, the annual output of tinplate cans is about 4billion (because the export of tins is not easy, this statistical figure is not very representative). Market fluctuations have a great impact on the production enterprises of this kind of products. At the same time, due to the current level of iron printing paint in China, there are few direct iron printing of tin packaging, and the vast majority still use the method of sticker, which reduces the grade of products

according to the current situation, bottled cans (mainly fruit and jam, with four or six screw caps) are becoming popular in developed countries, mainly because they can reduce pollution, reduce material consumption and reduce costs

$page break $3, crown caps and other bottle caps

at present, the crown cap production line adopted in China is mainly the automatic line introduced from sakmi company in Italy. There are about 160 lines in the country, with a speed of 800000 per hour. In 1996, the national output was about 100 million

at present, the market is in a situation of oversupply, and a considerable number of enterprises are underemployed. Zhenru four and six unscrew covers, aluminum anti-theft covers, etc. have also had a considerable output. In view of the complexity of the industry, statistics are impossible, but this product occupies a place in the domestic packaging industry

4. Steel drums

steel drums are mainly used for the large packaging of oil chemical products, petrochemical products and some kinds of food. At present, there are more than 370 production enterprises, with an annual output of nearly 40million steel drums of various capacities. Most of these enterprises use domestic single machines, and only more than 40 sets (pieces) of key equipment or production lines have been introduced from abroad. Among them, 200 liter steel drums have adopted the internationally advanced "triple sealing" process in the whole industry in the early 1990s, which has greatly improved the sealing performance of steel drums, and the steel drums produced by some enterprises have reached the internationally advanced level

III. problems existing in China's metal packaging industry

China's metal packaging industry mainly has the following problems

1. The production capacity of common products such as two-piece cans, three piece beverage cans, crown caps, chemical barrels less than 18 liters and so on is seriously surplus, and the ability of high-quality and high-end products is obviously insufficient. There are too few enterprises that can produce small capacity, ultra-thin cans, various special-shaped cans and boutique cans that are suitable for the effect of supermarket shelves. The single can shape of the variety is difficult to meet the requirements of the further development of packaging, which restricts the development of metal packaging

2. Most metal packaging enterprises are small-scale and have low industrial concentration. Less than 60 domestic enterprises consume more than 10000 tons of tinplate annually. The largest COFCO packaging (Hangzhou COFCO Meite, Wuxi Huapeng bottle cap, Guangzhou Panyu Meite) only consumes 75000 tons of tinplate annually, with a production and sales of 800million yuan, which is far behind that of foreign developed countries

3. Lack of talents and innovation ability. In general, the metal packaging industry has a low ability to develop and independently innovate advanced technologies and products. At present, the international mainstream equipment has developed in the direction of digitalization, networking, high-speed and low consumption, more environmental protection and humanization, while China's dependence on imports of major metal packaging equipment and materials has not been fundamentally changed

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